Beware of Flesh Eating Bacteria

Flesh eating bacteria.

A new kind of bacteria that eats the flesh of human skin has been a concern after a man in Florida had lost his life, infected with ‘vibrio vulnificus’  in 2015 . With the increase in deaths due ‘vibrio vulnificus’, also called as a flesh-eating bacteria in 2017, this infection has received more focus. The Florida Health Department has issued warning against the bacteria found on the beaches of Florida.

 

What is Vibrio Vulnificus?

Vibrio vulnificus’ is a Gram-negative bacteria which thrives in warm salt water, reports the medical express news. It is found in sea food and can lead to infection of digestive system. Experts report that it primarily invades open wounds and scratches and enters the inner layers of skin. Vibrio infects healthy individuals, the bacteria seems to severely infect those with a weakened immune system, compromised liver, kidney problems or those on immunosuppressive drugs. Immunosuppressants are drugs or medicines that lower the body’s ability to reject a transplanted organ. This bacterial infection is not very common. The bacterium possesses a characteristic to eat up the thin sheath covering the muscles, commonly called as fascia.

 

Symptoms

  • Nausea (feeling of sickness with an urge to vomit, uneasiness)
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Extreme pain
  • Redness
  • Tenderness

 

Prevention

  • The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), America, instructs people to take care and avoid swimming in warm waters, pools and oceans.
  • It is good to be cautious and take good care of open wounds, cuts and scratches.

 

Diagnosis

  • Experts explain that the infection needs prime focus. The bacterial infection in the deeper layers of skin might be difficult to diagnose at its initial stages in the clinical evaluations.
  • Reputed health care experts suggest that an X-ray or a CT (Computed Tomography) scan might aid in the diagnosis of this infection

 

Treatment

  • The infection is treated with antibiotics named cepholosporins that are a class of lactum antibiotics derived from a fungus called Acremonium.
  • Experts from Florida International University advise to thoroughly inspect and clean the wounds with peroxide solutions.
  • Should boiled and thoroughly cooked seafood and seeking prompt medical care for any signs of stomach infection or skin wounds.

Written by C. Motwani

Edited by A. Kumar

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