Hemorrhoids – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemorrhoids – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemorrhoids are not unnatural or any foreign object entering our body, but these are veins that are always there with us in and around the lower rectum and anus. These veins become painful when they become inflamed due to excessive stretching under pressure. Common among both men and women, almost half of the population of the globe have suffered this condition by the age of 50. The condition is common in pregnancy due to hormonal changes and pressure of the fetus in the lower abdomen. 

Causes Of Hemorrhoid

  1. Excessive strain during bowel movements
  2. Heredity
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Aging
  5. Chronic constipation
  6. Diarrhea

Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids

The common symptoms of the condition include –

  1. Presence of bright red blood on the stool and/or toilet paper.
  2. Pain and irritation around the anus.
  3. Inflammation of the anus.
  4. Presence of hard lump around the anus.
  5. Itching

Diagnosis Of Hemorrhoids

Since the presence of blood in stool can be linked with other health issues as well, it is important that the person undergoes a proper evaluation and diagnosis for his/her painful condition. The diagnosis can be performed using –

  1. Physical examination
  2. Digital rectal examination (DRE)
  3. Anoscopy
  4. Proctoscopy
  5. Sigmoidoscopy
  6. Colonoscopy

Treatment For Hemorrhoids

Based on the symptoms, evaluation and diagnosis done by the doctor, the treatment for hemorrhoids may include –

  1. Sitting in the tub with plain, warm water.
  2. Using ice packs for reducing inflammation
  3. Using suppositories or hemorrhoidal creams
  4. Addition of more fiber and fluids to the diet
  5. Addition of fiber supplements or stool softeners like – psyllium husk, methylcellulose
  6. Surgical treatments may be done in some severe cases, which include - Rubber band ligation, Sclerotherapy, Electrical coagulation, Laser coagulation, Infrared photocoagulation, Hemorrhoidectomy, etc.

For many, the condition of Hemorrhoids is not serious, however it is important that you seek medical help if you find blood in your stool, as the untreated condition may lead to further issues like Rectal bleeding.


Written By: Dr. Harman

Edited By: C. Soni

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