The extent of discomfort after surgery relies on upon the type and severity of the surgery performed. Some common discomforts may include -:
- Throat soreness
- Nausea, vomiting because of general anesthesia
- Pain, swelling and soreness along the incision site
- Restlessness and loss of sleep
- Constipation, gas, bloating
Then, there are certain complications that may occur after surgery, which include -
- Shock – An extreme drop in pulse causing risky blood flow reduction across the body is known as the shock. This complication may be caused due to blood loss, brain injury, metabolic problems or infection.
- Hemorrhage – Quick blood loss from the site of surgery is known as hemorrhage.
- Infection of the wound – Bacteria entering the site of surgery often leads to infections, which not only delay the process of healing but can also pose a serious threat to other organs and tissues.
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (SVT) and Pneumonic Embolism (PE) – Collectively, both these complications are known as venous thromboembolism (VTE), wherein Deep vein thrombosis (SVT) refers to the clot formation inside the organ or limb and pneumonic embolism (PE) refers to the movement of a clot from the vein to the lungs.
- Lung complications – The complications of the lung arise due to lack of deep breathing, pneumonia, coughing and/or inhaling blood, water and food into the wind pipe within 48 hours of surgery.
- Urinary retention – It’s the temporary complication wherein the patient might feel the inability to empty his/her bladder. Mostly occur due to anesthetic.
- Reaction to anesthesia – It’s a rare complication, however if happens the complications can range from mild to severe.
The treatment to any of these complications depends upon -
- Patient’s age
- Patient’s overall health and medical history
- Severity of the complications
- How well the patient can handle the treatment (medication, therapies and procedure)
- Expected time for a condition to last
- Patient’s opinion/preferences
It’s important and helpful to know beforehand what is common for the type of surgery you’re undergoing and how much time it will take. Being prepared for the common discomforts may help you feel less nervous, particularly if the reaction or pain you experience is in sync with what your surgeon has told you to expect.
Written By: Dr. Harman
Edited By: C. Soni